Durham’s MED-EL USA Gets FDA OK for Implanted Hearing Device
The so-called “de novo” FDA clearance, available to makers of truly novel medical devices, allows MED-EL to offer the BONEBRIDGE to people 12 years and older who have been diagnosed with conductive hearing loss, mixed hearing loss, or single-sided deafness. Since its introduction in Europe in 2012, BONEBRIDGE remains the world’s first and only active bone conduction hearing implant, widely considered a breakthrough in bone conduction technology.
BONEBRIDGE consists of two components: the internal BCI 601 implant, and the SAMBA audio processor, which can be worn discretely beneath the hair.
Unlike bone anchored hearing aids with an abutment that protrudes through the skin and requires lifelong medical treatment and maintenance, BONEBRIDGE offers intact skin technology. Because the implant is placed completely beneath the skin and the audio processor places minimal pressure on the skin, BONEBRIDGE recipients enjoy a low complication rate.
Sound in the environment is captured by BONEBRIDGE’s audio processor, the SAMBA, and is converted into signals which are transferred through the skin to the implant. The implant converts the signal into mechanical vibrations that are transferred directly to the bone of the skull. The bone then conducts these vibrations to the inner ear where they are interpreted as sound, converted into nerve signals and transmitted to the auditory nerve. This process bypasses the non-functioning outer and middle ear, where conductive or mixed hearing loss occurs.
The SAMBA audio processor is equipped with adaptive directional microphones that automatically identify and minimize noise interference. This feature is particularly helpful in situations where there is loud background noise, such as in a restaurant. A speech tracking feature enables SAMBA to automatically recognize the direction from which speech is coming and makes the corresponding adjustment to the directionality of the microphone. With the SAMBA remote control, recipients can select one of five programs, each with its own individual settings, for particular situations such as a noisy environment or for television and music. SAMBA processors may be individualized with more than 20 interchangeable color and design covers.
“MED-EL USA is pleased to expand our cutting-edge line of implantable hearing devices to include BONEBRIDGE for conductive hearing loss, mixed hearing loss and single-sided deafness,” said Raymond Gamble, CEO and president of MED-EL North America. “Like all of our hearing implants, BONEBRIDGE is engineered to be future-ready, meaning that recipients will always be able to benefit from the latest external processing technology. We welcome those to the MED-EL family who have lived with these types of hearing loss because they have not wanted to pursue the limited surgical options currently on the market.”
MED-EL USA said it expects to make BONEBRIDGE available in 2018.
About Conductive/Mixed Hearing Loss and Single-Sided Deafness
Conductive hearing loss is caused by problems with the ear canal, ear drum, or middle ear and its tiny bones (the malleus, incus, and stapes). Causes of conductive hearing loss include congenital absence of the ear canal or failure of the ear canal to be open at birth, and congenital absence, malformation, or dysfunction of the middle ear structures. Conductive hearing loss can also be caused by infection, tumors, middle ear fluid from infection or Eustachian tube dysfunction, a foreign body, trauma (as in a skull fracture), and otosclerosis.1 Mixed hearing loss is a combination of a sensorineural and conductive hearing loss. It results from problems in both the inner and outer or middle ear. Single-sided deafness (SSD) is a condition of profound unilateral sensorineural hearing loss, with normal hearing in the better hearing ear. SSD is a severe impairment that makes it hard to understand speech and sounds especially in noisy environments, as well as causes difficulties in determining the direction of a sound's location.
MED-EL Medical Electronics, a leader in implantable hearing solutions, is driven by a mission to overcome hearing loss as a barrier to communication. The Austrian-based, privately owned business was co-founded by industry pioneers Ingeborg and Erwin Hochmair, who developed the world’s first micro-electronic multi-channel cochlear implant (CI). It was successfully implanted in 1977 and was the basis for what is known as the modern CI today. This laid the foundation for the successful growth of the company in 1990, when they hired their first employees. To date, MED-EL has grown to more than 1,900 employees and 30 subsidiaries worldwide. The company says it has more than 100 employees in North Carolina, most of them at the Durham facility it has occupied since 2000.
The company offers the widest range of implantable and non-implantable solutions to treat all types of hearing loss, enabling people in 121 countries to enjoy the gift of hearing with the help of a MED-EL device. MED-EL’s global portfolio of hearing solutions includes cochlear and middle ear implant systems, a combined Electric Acoustic Stimulation hearing implant system as well as bone conduction devices.