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Human Health

North Carolina is known throughout the world for its health care – not only for its hospitals and clinics but also for its research labs and manufacturing plants.

And biotechnology plays a role throughout.


Vaccines are being developed against influenza, dangue fever, cancer, rabies, malaria and many other diseases, with the help of biotechnology tools.

Biotechnology techniques are used to develop and manufacture therapeutic proteins, insulin and blood-clotting factors.

In Clayton, for example, Grifols makes proteins to treat rare diseases including immune deficiencies and genetic emphysema.

Andrea Bourdelais, researcher and associate professor at UNC Wilmington's Center for Marine Science examines pipettes of florescent tracers to discover how natural products from marine organisms may have therapeutic potential in developing new biosensors and bioassays for the detection of toxins and natural compounds. Courtesy of UNCW/Jamie Moncrief


Rapid and cost-effective diagnostic tests for strep throat, cancer and high cholesterol have been developed with the use of biotechnology. Early diagnosis of these and other diseases leads to earlier and more effective treatment.

LabCorp, headquartered in Burlington, is a pioneer in technologies for diagnostic testing and genetic analysis of diseases such as cancer, HIV and cystic fibrosis. An Asheville company, Genova Diagnostics, specializes in developing non-invasive tests to diagnose digestive diseases.

Genetic tests can warn of potential diseases, such as diabetes, cancer and asthma so therapies can begin as early as possible.

Physician researchers in North Carolina, with grant help from the North Carolina Biotechnology Center, are also reporting major advances in using biotechnology capabilities to adapt animal organs for human use and even growing organs from donors’ own cells.


The Triangle Global Health Consortium is a group of academic, governmental, business and nonprofit organizations working together to establish North Carolina as an international center for research, training, education, advocacy and business development dedicated to improving the health of the world’s communities.

Plant-Based Medicines

Thanks to biotechnology, even plants can now be engineered to produce large quantities of vaccines and other biologics for health care uses.

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